korkeus

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The Kapatuosia Hillfort

The Kapatuosia hillfort is located to the north of Hollola Church. The medieval church and the hillfort form a unique setting with regard to landscape and historical aspects. The hill of Kapatuosia and its surroundings were already inhabited in the Stone Age, around 8,000 years ago.

The hillfort is an isolated ridge formation with very sharp features, which was created by glacial streams and shaped by the action of water on its shores in the last stages of the Ice Age. The site was an island surrounded by water in the Stone Age, and at present it rises some 56 metres above the level of Lake Vesijärvi. Archaeological excavations in the area have revealed artefacts and flakes of quartz and fragments of burnt bone. From the Viking Age until at least the Middle Ages, the hill may have been a place of defence and refuge. Excavations have also found a cache from the Crusade Period containing cut coins and fragments of ornaments and other metal objects, beads made of glass paste and pottery.

Walking routes on Kapatuosia hill are marked with signs. Please proceed only on foot and keep to the posted routes, as the soil on the slopes of the hillfort can easily slide. An information sign and a lookout tower are situated on the top of the hill.

The Cemetery of Kirkk'ailanmäki

Kirkk'ailanmäki means "church fence hill" and according to oral tradition it was the site of the first church of Hollola. This cemetery is in the village of Untila, on Jarvalantie road after the bridge crossing the Hämeenlinna-Lahti highway, and there is a large stone erected as a memorial on the site. The cemetery of Kirkk'ailanmäki is one of Finland's most significant ancient burial sites. It was in use from the Crusade Period to the Middle Ages, i.e. from around the 11th century to the 14th century. Over a hundred graves have been discovered in the cemetery, the oldest of them dating from the turn of the 11th and 12th centuries and providing significant finds of artefacts. Most of the younger burials were without grave-goods and the change in burial customs was presumably related to the adoption of Christianity in the region.

A monument and an information sign are situated next the cemetery site. The actual cemetery is on privately owned land and can only be viewed from the road.